Japanese Association for Natural Medicine and Alternative Medicine

Japanese Association for Natural Medicine and Alternative Medicine

About the W.H.O Armata Declaration: Declaration of Liberalization of Primary Health Care

The Alma-Ata Declaration defines its strategy as ”Health for All by 2000 A.D.” through primary health care.This is in pursuance of the aims declared at the WHO/UNICEF sponsored conference at Alma-Ata, USSR.Primary health care has been described as “essential health care based on practical, scientifically sound and socially accepted methods and technology made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community through their full participation and at a cost that a community and a country can afford to maintain at every stage of their development in the spirit of self-reliance and self determination.” 

Declaration of Armata

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia in English

The Alma Ata Declaration was adopted at the International Conference on Primary Health Care (PHC), Almaty (formerly Alma Ata), Kazakhstan (formerly Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic September 1978), 6-12 [1] It expressed the need for urgent action by all governments, all health and development workers, and the world community to protect and promote the health of all people. It expressed the need for urgent action by all governments, all health and development workers, and the world community to protect and promote the health of all people. This was the first international declaration to emphasize the importance of primary health care. Since then, the primary health care approach has been accepted by the member states of the World Health Organization (WHO) as key to achieving the goal of "health for all," but initially only in developing countries. It was applied to all other countries five years later.The Alma Ata Declaration of 1978 emerged as a major milestone of the 20th century in the field of public health, identifying primary health care as the key to achieving the goal of "health for all" worldwide.

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Contents

  • Explanation

    • 1.1Definition of Health

    • 1.2 Equality

    • 1.3 Health as a socioeconomic issue and human right

    • 1.4 Role of the State

    • 1.5 Primary health care and components

Explanation

The conference called for urgent and effective national and international action to develop and implement primary health care around the world, especially in developing countries, in line with the spirit of technical cooperation and the new international economic order. The sentiments of the Declaration were inspired in part by China's barefoot doctor system, which has revolutionized the state of primary care in rural areas of China. [2] The Declaration called upon governments, WHO, UNICEF, and other international organizations, as well as multilateral and bilateral institutions, non-governmental organizations, funding agencies, and all health care providers to support national and international efforts in primary health care, especially in developing countries. the global community to support increased technical and financial support for primary health care. The meeting called for the aforementioned cooperation in the implementation, development and maintenance of primary health care in accordance with the spirit and content of the Declaration. The declaration has 10 points and is not binding on member states.

Definition of Health

The first section of the Declaration reaffirms the WHO definition of health as "a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. This definition aims to include the social and economic sectors within the scope of achieving health and reaffirms health as a human right.

Equality

The declaration highlighted inequalities in health status between developed and developing countries, calling them politically, socially and economically unacceptable.

Health as a socioeconomic issue and a human right

The third section called for economic and social development as a prerequisite for achieving health for all. It also declared that through the promotion and protection of the health of the people, we will have a positive impact on economic and social development and world peace.

Participation in the planning and implementation of health care, both as a group and as an individual, was declared a human right and an obligation.

The Role of the State

This section highlighted the role of the state in providing appropriate health and social measures. This section presented the call for "Health For All" which became a WHO campaign in the coming years. It defined health for all as the achievement by all people in the world by the year 2000 of a level of health that enables them to lead socially and economically productive lives. The Declaration called on governments, international organizations, and the global community to take this up as a major social goal in the spirit of social justice.

Primary care and components

This section defined primary health care and asked signatories to integrate the concept of primary health care into their health care systems. Primary health care has since been adopted by many signatory countries. Recently, Margaret Chan, Director General of WHO, reaffirmed the primary health care approach as the most efficient and cost-effective way to organize health care systems. She also pointed out that international evidence overwhelmingly shows that health systems oriented toward primary health care produce better outcomes at lower costs and with higher user satisfaction. [4]

The seventh section presents the components of primary health care. The next two sections called for all governments to integrate the primary health care approach into their health care systems and for international cooperation to make better use of the world's resources.

 

 

WHO Strategic Plan on Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicine

WHO Strategic Plan on Traditional Medicine 2014-2023
Traditional,complementary and alternative medicine
World Health Organization (WHO) recently updated the objectives of the Traditional Medicine Programme in order to meet the new demand of T&CM practices and practitioners, and in response to Resolution WHA62.13 on TM. The WHO Traditional Medicine Strategy 2014-2023 will help health care leaders to develop solutions that contribute to a broader vision of improved health and patient autonomy.

WHO's Strategic Plan on Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicine
The World Health Organization (WHO) has updated the goals of its traditional medicine program to meet the new requirements of T&CM (traditional, complementary and alternative medicine) therapists and trainers and in response to Resolution WHA62.13 on TM (traditional medicine). WHO's Traditional Medicine Strategy 2014-2023 will help national health leaders to develop solutions that contribute to a broader perspective on health improvement and patient self-determination. The report calls for.

Access the WHO Traditional Medicine Strategy 2014-2023 https://www.ctcmpao.on.ca/announcements/who-strategic-plan-on-traditional-medicine/WHO_Strategy_2015-09-28.pdf